Teachers agree that motivation is key in second language learning, but how does what we do in the classroom influence students’ motivation?
A recent study by Moskovsky et al. (2012) indicates that the following strategies increase motivation:
1. Break the routine of the classroom by varying learning tasks and the
2. Show students that you care about their progress.
3. Show students that you accept and care about them.
4. Recognize students’ effort and achievement.
5. Be mentally and physically available to respond to your students’ academic
needs in the classroom.
6. Increase the amount of English you use in the language classroom.
7. Make learning tasks more attractive by adding new and humorous elements
8. Remind students of the importance of English as a global language and
the usefulness of mastering the skills of this language.
9. Relate the subject content and learning tasks to the everyday experiences
and backgrounds of the students.
10. Consistently encourage students by drawing their attention to the fact that
you believe in their effort to learn and their capabilities to succeed.
Many of these points appeal to common sense, but it’s great to see empirical research starting to confirm the positive effects of what we do in the classroom.
- What are your strengths and weaknesses in these areas?
- Are there any strategies which you think you should pay more attention to in your teaching?
- For the strategies which you feel you do well, do you have any advice, techniques or activities to share?